On the Mainstream Internationalisation of Chinese Medicine Education

Paper to be presented at the World Education Conference of Chinese Medicine
November 2008 Tianjin


After more than half a century of integrating Chinese medicine and western medicine, Chinese healthcare system has been benefited from the process. Behind this success, China enjoys an educational system that integrate both systems of medicine as equals in legal status.

Mainstream medical education outside China has not been able to adopt such an integrative approach due to many reasons. This paper is to discuss steps towards such mainstream integration of Chinese medicine education internationally.


Chinese medicine education, Integration, Mainstream medical education, Accreditation, Standard syllabus, Continued education
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Integrative Medicine – Exploring a New System Methodology 综合医学:新系统方法论探讨

A Report delivered at the Integrative Medicine Conference March 2007 · Royal College of Physicians, London


Medicine is facing an era of transformation. Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) is being challenged by the revival of traditional medicines such as Chinese medicine and Complementary & Alternative Medicine (CAM) from a holistic natural stand point. The proposal of an integrative medicine must begin by innovating a creditable theoretical methodology to guide its clinical practice. This inquiry looks at the logic of cognition, a progression from evidence, scientism and the holistic metaphysics of medicine to a truer, more coherent methodology. Exploring this progress in terms of the dialectical logic of synthesis, this paper proposes the theoretical advancement of a Dialectical Based Medicine (DBM). Syllogism in Hegel’s science of logic may provide us with a cognitive logic for integrative medical research that incorporates both the changing complexity of physical manifestations and psycho-emotional, social and environmental factors in human health and disease.

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Chinese Medicine Education - A Global View

Speech delivered at The 3rd International Congress of Traditional Medicine, September 2006 Canada, 50th Anniversary Conference of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, October 2006. Beijing.


Current international medical education, broadly speaking is based on the system developed in the west. Mainstream medicine is evidence based, evolved in the past two or three hundred years with the advancement of science. A comparative studies of medical education in different countries mirrors similarities in undergraduate study, internship and specialty training requirements. The content of most syllabuses includes western medicine theoretical studies in Evidence Based Medicine, anatomy, pathology, pharmacology, moral & ethical education etc. However, criteria of measurement and enforcement standards differ from country to country. For example, the critical standards of the UK Royal Colleges may be similar to the peer knowledge of specialties in the US, Australia or Japan, the system of educational evaluation and educational standards requirement are different. This prompt the World Medical Association to propose an agreed minimum standards for international medical education without which it will be difficult to achieve international mutual recognition and accreditation. This is a fundamental step in our 21st century world of medicine without frontiers.

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